Brief History of Iran
Iran has a very long history and is one of the cradles of civilization. The history of Iran as a country goes back to the 6th century BC, when Cyrus the great of the dynasty of the Achaemenid Empire United the different peoples. In the centuries after this, achieved this Persian Empire an enormous power and covered an area to the Mediterranean.
In the 4th century BC Alexander the great conquered the Persian Empire and defeated King Darius III near Persepolis. The country was after Alexanders death ruled by a Hellenistic (Greek) class under the Seleucids. Later the Parthians and the Sassanids mighty empires.
In the seventh century it was conquered by the Muslim Arabs. The Arab Empire of the Caliphs dominated Iran to the 9th century and since that time lost to the central authority of the Abbasid authority from Baghdad and there were various rich and small States in Iran.
In the 11th century it was the Turkish Seljuk Turks who conquered Iran and later the Arabs defeated. The realm of the Seljuks, however, quickly fell apart and fell in the 13th century the Mongol Empire destroyed many cities within Iran and the Mongols and killed many inhabitants.
In the fifteenth century the Safavid dynasty United Iran. She conducted among other things the Shiism as the State religion. In particular under Shah Abbas I came their culture to full bloom, what good can be seen in the capital Isfahan. After the Safaviden reports were later the Qajar dynasty came to power. Iran knew as one of the few countries in Asia to remain independent of Western countries, especially the United Kingdom and Russia all had major influences.
In 1907 Russia and Iran occupy England. Because of the Bolshevik revolution in Russia Russia Iran loss. England helped Reza Khan Pahlavi to power. He ruled as Shah 55 years for a period of about Iran. On 10 February 1979 led the Islamic revolution Imam Khomeini. Today the system of the Islamic Republic of Iran and be about the President and members of Parliament elected by the people.